DNA results: Groups and Immigrant Ancestor or Family head
Group 1 Robert Bolling 1646-1709 Fh 480, Red & White Bollings see more
Group 2 Thomas Bouldinge 1580 Fh 665 Swan Immigrant in 1610 see more
Group 3 Benjamin Bolling 1734-1832 Fh 110 see more
Group 4 Nathaniel Bolling 1779-1870 Fh 466 see more
Group 5 James Bowling c1756 Fh 270 see more
Group 6 Benjamin Bolling 1704 Fh 090 see more
Group 7 William Bolling 1731 Fh 830 see more
Group 8 Thomas Bowling 1640 Fh 670 see more
Group 9 John Bolin 1775 Fh 352 see more
Group 10 unknown Bolling
Group 16 Edward Bolen, Fh 200, String D see more
To see complete DNA results by Group colorized click on this link.
Family Heads or Fh in Todd Bolen's book
In May of 1987 Todd Bolen and his sister Lois Bolen Stange published the ground breaking book, The Bolling, Bowlin, and Bolen Family in America Before 1800. For many years Todd and Lois had been looking for his Bolen ancestor's parents, Henry, and corresponding with others (over 200) of a like mind throughout America. Based upon his sources and his own knowledge, Todd arranged all this information in family groups designating Family Heads, Fh and later Family Strings. In the 1987 publication there were 920 Family Heads or identifiable family groups living in America before 1800. In 1997 Todd published an update to his earlier book. It had grown and now contained over 950 Fh and 1250 sources. He also include an index for spouses and places.
To see an index of All Bolling Spouses from Bolling's in America before 1800 click here
Group 1 DNA results
Results from this biological family are for Robert Bolling 1646-1709, immigrant who married twice and was the progenitor of the Red and White Bolling line. The Red line descends from Pocahontas' granddaughter, Jane Rolfe to son John and down. The White line descend from Anne Stith, Robert's second wife. This family was the subject of Bud Bolling's book, The Bolling Family.
Group 2 DNA results
Results for this biological family can be seen by clicking on this link. What's clear from these results are that all are closely related and share a common ancestor recently. Those that have 25 or 37 or higher results can calculate the time to most recent common ancestor, but suffice it to say it's within eight or nine generations.
Given what we know about this family from research efforts over the years including work by John W. Bouldin and Kathy Harbury both descendants of Col. Thomas Bouldin of Charlotte Co., VA and Cecil Co., MD, it's safe to say all descend from William and Thomasin Nash Boulden of Cecil Co., MD, through one of their children.
One of the questions I receive often is what do the DNA results mean? How do I interpret them. The short answer is that since we all math 12/12 and most match 24/25 or higher and 35/37 for those that have expanded their results, we share a common Bouldin ancestor within 4 to 8 generations. To get the exact distance to MRCA between you and another member of the group, click on the orange TiP button on matches. This will give you percentage probabilities. For more information on understanding DNA click here.
Group 3 DNA results
Results from this biological family contain may descendants of Benjamin Bolling 1734-1832, Fh110, who for many years was thought to be a son of John Bolling of Group 1. The DNA testing proved this untrue and that he descends from a completely different family. Chet Bolling, a founding member of BFA and lifelong researcher of this Benjamin concluded before the DNA testing began that Benjamin descended from Benjamin Bolling b 1709 and his wife Charlotte Ward. He could not prove this genealogically speaking, but was convinced of it from his long life of research. Harley Bowling who died some years ago was also a great researcher of this family and published some of his work.
Group 5 DNA results
Results from this biological family are more difficult to interpret and contain families from Strings N, F, L, M9 and U1 (see Todd's book).
Group 6 DNA results
Results from this biological family are for Strings A, C, K, M, M17, M18, M19, N2, S, & T
Group 8 DNA results
Results from this biological family are for String J and are referred to as the Catholic Bollings descending from Fh 670 Thomas Bolling 1640- 1700